Sunday, April 29, 2012

Research Blog Final Abstract & Bibliography

Abstract

This research explores wether community colleges are playing a useful role in higher education and our economy. Obama supports community colleges and has a plan to help them enhance thier programs to implement more skilled workers into our industry jobs on our shore, but as of right now I feel that community college is still not the path that every prospective student should take. Yes, they are more affordable, but I have found that many community college students do not go on to get their Bachelors degrees after community college comencement. These students who start out at the two year schools are also not being prepared for a university workload. It is better to have a community college degree than no degree at all, but if a student has the oppurtunity to start out at a four year school, they should do so. Four year university natives make more money than those who went to community colleges, and recieve an overall better education. Community colleges are an important tool to providing more people in our country with an affordable education, but I feel that they do need to be improved upon in areas of trasnfer assistance.










Bibliography



Belfield, Clive R., and Thomas Bailey. "The Benefits Of Attending Community College: A Review Of The Evidence." Community College Review 39.1 (2011): 46-68. Academic Search Premier. Web. 26 Mar. 2012.


Carey, Kevin. “Why Are Community Colleges Being Treated Worst When They’re Needed Most?” The New Republic. 17. April 2012. Web.
http://www.tnr.com/article/politics/102724/california-community-college-crisis- university


Frasca, Dana. Transfer Dean at Rutgers. Personal Interview. 9 April 2012.


Fuller, Andrea. “Obama Reaffirms Support for Community Colleges at Signing of Student-Loan Bill.” The Chronicle of Higher Education 30 March. 2010. http://chronicle.com/article/Obama-Reaffirms-Support-for/64877/ web.


Kalogrides, Demetra, and Eric Grodsky. "Something to Fall Back on: Community Colleges as a Safety Net." Social Forces 89.3 (2011): 853-77. Print.


Laanan, Frankie Santos. “Studying Transfer Students: Part 1: Instrument Design and Implications.” Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 28: 331– 351, 2004. Taylor & Francis Group. ISSN: 1066-8926 print/1521-0413 online DOI:10.1080/10668920490424050. Web. 4 Mar. 2012


Long, Bridget Terry., and Michal Kurlaender. “Do Community College Provide a Viable Pathway To A Baccalaureate Degree?” Harvard University. May 2008. Web.
http://gseacademic.harvard.edu/~longbr/Long_Kurlaender_- _Do_CCs_provide_viable_path_to_Bacc_(5-08).pdf


NEA Higher Education Research Center. “Higher Education and Privatization.” NEA Update. 10.2 (March 2004). Print.


Nutting, Andrew W. "Community College Transfer Students' Probabilities Of Baccalaureate Receipt As A Function Of Their Prevalence In Four-Year Colleges And Departments." Education Economics 19.1 (2011): 65-87. Academic Search Premier. Web. 4 Mar. 2012.


Student Success Committee. Rutgers University: Improving Retention and Graduation Rates. Office of Enrollment Management. August, 2011. Web.

Warren, Mich. "Obama Community College Plan: $12 Billion Initiative Over Ten Years." Huffington Post 14 July. 2009, web. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/07/15/obama-community-college- p_n_233030.html





Sunday, April 15, 2012

research blog review

Obama

My artcile for review is from the Huffington Post titled :
 "Obama Community College Plan: $12 Billion Initiative Over Ten Years" written by Mich Warren.

cited:
Warren, Mich. "Obama Community College Plan: $12 Billion Initiative Over Ten Years." Huffington Post 14 July. 2009, web. 

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/07/15/obama-community-college-p_n_233030.html


This article describes how Obama's community college plan will work, and what the money will go towards for the schools.

The author is a writer for the Huffington Post, so he is a credible source because the Huffington Post is a well respected newspaper.

key words: competitive grants-money offered to students and schools through the government
$1 trillion deficit -amount of debt our economy is in right now

quotations:
"The idea is to train people for jobs, such as those expected in the clean energy industry, when the economy turns around and begins to create jobs again instead of shedding them."
Obama wants to offer more job training for those looking to get into industy work, to build skills and help boost the economy in a more affordable way through more training at community colleges.

"The White House says the cost would be $12 billion over 10 years; Obama says it would be paid for by ending wasteful subsidies to banks and private lenders of student loans."
 Obama's plan is to give this lareg amount of money over 10 years to community colleges's in order to help more people get a higher education and build skills. It is good that he wants to end private lenders giving out student loans because that is a main reason why so many people are in debt after college.

"Republican Sen. Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, a former education secretary, said Obama's plan is a "typical proposal" that sounds better than it is. "When our biggest problem as a country is too much debt, he's taking the entitlement spending he claims to be saving from the student loan program and adding it to the debt," Alexander said."
People are skeptical of his plan, beacuse they fear it will just add to the country's deficit, rather than boost the economy.

This artcile is useful because it elaborates exactly what Obama wants to do with his $12 billion dollar community college plan, and how the money will be spent.

This reading connects to old readings about privatization because we learned about how students get themselves into such student loan debt, but through Obama's plan, perhaps less students will have to worry about getting themselves into debt because of new grants being offered and reducing private lenders of student loans.

Monday, April 9, 2012

interview

For professional insight on my paper, I contacted Dean Frasca, a transfer Dean here at Rutgers University who speacializes in aiding transfer students in the School of Arts and Sciences. When asked what she thought transfer student's most struggle with first coming to Rutgers University, she had this to say: "New students face many challenges. For example, learning to skillfully navigate the large campus and bountiful resources is not an effortless endeavor. Achieving a sense of Rutgers pride along with academic and personal success is my hope for all new students."

Her insight stresses that a university campus is much larger and diverse than a community college campus, and also offers alot more resources. For some new transfers, this can be difficult to get used to, and also a main reason why so many students go through "transfer shock", and may not do as well academically at first, as they had done in their community college in the past.

Sunday, March 25, 2012

Blog Number 11 counter argument book review #3

I am reviewing "The Benefits of Attending Community College: A Review Of The Evidence, by Clive R. Belfield and Thomas Bailey.
Here is a picture of Clive
Clive R. Belfield


Belfield, Clive R., and Thomas Bailey. "The Benefits Of Attending Community College: A Review Of The Evidence." Community College Review 39.1 (2011): 46-68. Academic Search Premier. Web. 25 Mar. 2012.

The reading discusses the benefits that come to people who do attend community college, and what good comes out of their efforts and education from these institutions.

Clive R. Belfield is an assistant professor in the department of economics at Queen College in New York city. He has much experience writing on the topics of education evaluation and the future of children and economics, etc.

Keywords:
outcome of education- what is produced in the long run from gaining a useful education.
education-earnings- how a person's earnings and wages are increased beause they recieved an education

Quotations:
"Almost all studies have found positive earnings gains from an associate’s degree, with an average estimate across the studies of 13% for males and 22% for females."

This quote shows that attending community college and getting an associate degee does provide higher wage earnings.

"Finally, this review has examined the literature on the many other possible benefits—improved health status, enhanced economic independence—from community college attendance, many of which may be inferred from the evidence on earnings gains."

Community College can provide benefits such as improved health, economic independence, and increased earnings.

"Other administrative and survey data show lower rates of criminal activity among those who attend community college."

Community College attendees are less likely to participate in acts of crime, which is always good for our soceity.

This material helps with my research paper becuase it provides apposing arguments for me. It shows that attending community college actually does provide benefits for the country, and for the people that attend them. In my paper i am trying to prove that  community college is not as beneficial as a four year university is, but this article gives a whole new persepective.



Blog Number 10: Your Case

In Andrew Nutting's Article: "Community College Transfer Students' Probabilities Of Baccalaureate Receipt As A Function Of Their Prevalence In Four-Year Colleges And Departments."
He talks about how community college's first purpose was for the institutions to help students transfer to a 4 year university. He also says that transfers have lower graduation rates of getting their bachelor degree than do native students who started out there. This is a good case to argue with against Obama giving money to community college's when clearly more success for students comes to those with a bachelor's degree and for those who initially start out at the four year school.

Sunday, March 18, 2012

Research Blog #9

My VISUAL AID:
This chart shows te success rates of students at Rutgers University based on how many credits they transferred with, and where they transferred from. It is significant because how many credits students carry over to a new school has a significant impact on their new success at the new school, and also how much time it takes them to complete the degree.

Reasearch Blog # 8 Review #2

My artcile I am reviewing is the article done by the Student Success Committee here at Rutgers Univerity titled: "Improving Retention and Graduation Rates"

Here is a picture from the report:

Citation for the artcile is:

Student Success Committee. Rutgers University: Improving Retention and Graduation Rates.
 Office of Enrollment Management. August, 2011. Web.

This article is about the statistics of how man Rutgers students earn degrees here at the university compared to other schools. This artcile discusses the retention rates of freshamn starting out here, as well as those students who wind up trasnferring to Rutgers as well.

The authors are knowledgeable on the topic because they are on the Student Success Committee which is located here on our Rutgers campus.

2 key terms:
Peer Mentor Program- helps new students to feel more connected on campus by assigning them a peer mentor, who they could go to for advice, help, and companionship.

Students in Transition-a 1 credit class made mandatory here at rutgers to help new transfer students adjust to the new experiences at Rutgers, and helps them get more involved in the community here at school, shows them the ropes of how things work, eases the transition.

3 Quotes:

"For the total university, the overall one-year retention rates of transfer students have been improving steadily, reaching the highest level with the 2008 entering cohorts of transfers at 86.5%." page 55

This quote shows that Rutgers has a high percentge of transfer students who succeed here at the university, who keep coming back each semester, and who are getting their degree.

"While these rates have been improving they still lag behind the retention rates of first-time native students by a few percentage points." page 55

This quote could help me in my argument that students who start out at a 4 year school, still have higher success rates, than those who transferred from a community college.

"External research shows that transfer students can feel “out of the loop” regarding information and re
sources offered at their new school, tend to experience difficulty with their academic work resulting in low first semester GPAs, and may struggle initially in meeting other students or connecting with existing peer groups on campus." page 33

This quote can also help in my argument pertaining to the setbacks that attending a community college first can cause students.

This research article helps me to explore my research question because it gives good insight into how the school that i attend, actually handles their transfer students, and the success they have here. These statistics will ultimatly represent me too, because Ihave just transferred here myself, so it is good to look into a study that I can personally relate to, that takes place on my own soil.

This reading relates to other readings about privatization, because it is because of provatization that more students have to transfer from 2 year schools. I do think though, that Rutgers does a better job than most other schools do, in helping to ease the transition of all the transfers that they acquire. The 1 credit transfer class is deffinetly a helpful tool in promoting student's success, and the statistics do show that rutgers has a higher retention rate of students getting degrees than most other schools, so Rutgers is a great choice of a univeristy to transfer to, after community college.